The castle, which has walls with a length of approximately 6.5 km, is built on a peninsula. It comes under the auspices of the Hellenistic, Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Seljuk Empire, Kingdom of Cyprus and Ottoman Empire, respectively. In the Republican Period, it was named Alanya by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who visited here.
The castle, which is unknown by whom and when it was built, is considered as one of the well-preserved medieval castles of Turkey. Since the castle was built on a very steep place, it has a very easy and solid defense. That’s why BC. In the 2nd century, many pirates and rebels used this place as a shelter.
There are historical buildings dating to many different periods in the castle. In the Middle Castle section of the castle, BC. There is a Hellenistic fortification wall thought to have been built in the 2nd century.
In the inner castle part, there are Byzantine church, monastery ruins, Arab saints and round towered walls extending from Orta Hisar to the inner castle.
The present city walls, armory, large cisterns, Red Tower, Lower Castle Bath, Aksebe Masjid, Ehmedek, Andızlı Mosque, Shipyard and the palace complex in the Inner Castle come from the Seljuk Empire Period.
Traditional Alanya Houses, covered bazaar and arasta, and Süleymaniye Mosque, located in the Upper Castle section, belong to the Ottoman Empire Period.